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The Future of Canada’s Energy Sector

As pre-positioning for the 2019 Federal Election rapidly takes shape, the electorate will evaluate some critical questions about the future of Canada’s energy sector.

“When you come to a fork in the road, take it”

Yogi Berra

Hockey, housing prices, the weather, energy and natural resources. Get a few Canadians together and the conversation will inevitably swing to one of those areas. As pre-positioning for the 2019 Federal Election rapidly takes shape, the electorate will be evaluating some critical questions as it relates to the future of Canada’s energy sector:

  • What is the best way to combat climate change?
  • Has Canada lost the ability to build pipelines and power plants?
  • What’s the impact of my energy choices on the environment?
  • What does the energy future look like?
  • How can I afford to put gas in my car, heat my home or pay my electricity bill and still protect the environment?

Many people believe we have reached a fork in the energy road and as the federal election draws near there are signs that there are differing views on how to achieve our energy goals.

This means deciding how best Canada can maintain its position as a traditional energy power, ensure key resource projects proceed, but respect the rights of Indigenous Peoples and communities. It’s deciding how Canada can protect existing jobs and not miss out on the exciting new energy and resource opportunities that exist today and are appearing on the horizon. And to make the energy path more complicated, we need to ensure Canadian homes and businesses have the affordable energy they need.

Key issues coming up

Over the coming months, we can expect that issues relating to the energy sector will be top of mind for parties of all stripes. Some common underlying economic realities are worth considering:

  • Energy diversity is a key to Canada’s economic future.
  • World energy demand is expected to increase, and Canada could be a major supplier.
  • Canada must find markets beyond the US.
  • Indigenous partnerships will become the norm, not the exception.
  • Oil and gas will continue to play a role in supplying our energy needs.
  • Mining and forestry will remain a major sector of the Canadian economy and will be looking for ways to have affordable energy, often in remote areas of the country, to power these projects.
  • Hydroelectricity, which is part of the Canadian legacy, will continue to play a major role in Canada’s future energy supply.
  • Electrification of the transportation, mining, and oil and gas sectors will play an increasingly important role.
  • Technologies such as hydrogen, microgrids, nuclear, wind, and solar will continue to increase their market share.

This won’t be an easy journey for some segments of the economy, and much of it is over unfamiliar terrain. As such, the political rhetoric over the next year will be high and amplified as provincial priorities begin to line up against federal electoral realities.

Opposition parties will point to projects such as the Trans Mountain Expansion pipeline project as an example of the federal government’s failure to provide the regulatory certainty to get projects completed. They will point to Bill C-69, which is intended to streamline environmental review processes, as creating roadblocks to investment.

The provinces have other ideas

Meanwhile, at the provincial level, changes in government in many provinces has created proxy critics for the federal government. Ontario Premier Doug Ford is leading the “carbon tax” charge on behalf of Saskatchewan, Manitoba and the federal conservative party.  In B.C., Premier John Horgan’s government is steadfastly against new crude oil pipelines such as Trans Mountain, but is strongly supportive of natural gas exports using B.C. gas.; while in Alberta, Rachel Notley’s NDP government (who faces its own election challenges) is very pro-oil and pro-pipelines.

To counter this, expect Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s government to point to projects such as LNG Canada as an example of a project that will go ahead with foreign investment. The government will also point out the urgency of climate change action and has outlined its plan to bypass provinces like Ontario and distribute carbon repayments directly to taxpayers.


As we head into what is expected to be a dynamic election year, Global’s new Energy, Environment and Resources practice is the right place to provide insight into the crossroad where politics, policy, communications, stakeholder and Indigenous relations intersect to advance business goals.

I look forward to keeping our clients up to date and providing all the information they need to make informed business choices.

Ted Gruetzner


Global Insights

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